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ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-23

Comparative effect of two edible sea-food, P. Palludosa and E. Radiata on serum lipid profile and atherogenic indices in rats


1 Department of Biochemistry, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar-, Nigeria
2 Department of Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar-, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O E Ofem
Department of Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4314/jcm.v19i1-2.3

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Background: Pomacea palludosa (apple snail) and clams (Ergeria radiate) are staple edible mollusks, rich in minerals, vitamins, proteins and omega-3-fatty acids (involved in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases). Aim: The study was conducted to ascertain whether or not consumption of sea foods will predispose to dyslipidaemia. Materials and Methods: Rats were fed on Basal, reference casein, P. palludosa and E. radiate and plain soup diets. Results: Results revealed significant (p<0.05) decreases in serum total and LDL cholesterols in P. palludosa diet recipients, all the diets increased (p<0.05) HDL-c vs basal diet. P. palludosa diet also resulted in significant (p<0.05) lowering of cardiac risk ratio and atherogenic coefficient, while E. radiata diet reduced the atherogenic index of plasma. Conclusion: In conclusion, E. radiate and P. palludosa diet would not predispose to atherogenesis since it favored the good cholesterol (HDL-c). Nevertheless, P. palludosa has desirable influence on serum lipids, and protects better against atherogenesis than E. radiata


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